Chewing gum is one of the oldest candies in the world. Prehistoric people chewed on lumps of tree resin and become the first-ever gum chewers in recorded history. The early Greeks chewed on mastic, a resin from a tree that grows on the island of Chios, Greece. The Mayans chewed chicle made from the sap of the sapodilla tree. Early American colonists wrecked on tree sap mixed with bee’s wax.
People always liked in order to chew because it cleaned their the teeth and sweetened their breath.
Within 1848 the first commercial gum had been produced. John B. Curtis through Maine developed the first gum from the resin from spruce tree. Their first gum was called “State of Maine Pure Spruce Bubble gum. ” John B. Curtis and his brother were using paraffin and they improved their gum by trying to put in some flavor. It was not really extremely tasty, but it was the first in a commercial sense sold gum. Curtis brothers set up the Curtis Chewing Gum Factory.
Within 1869 Amos Tyler patented the first chewing gum made from rosin and olive oil.
In 1869 Antonio Lopez de Santa, a Mexican general plus conqueror of the Alamo, came to inventor Thomas Adams to develop a new type of rubber using chicle. Adams created the first modern-day chewing gum. His chewing gum was much smoother and much softer than earlier spruce gum. This gum held its flavor much better, but problem with flavor continued. Adams patented a gum-making machine. His chicle gum rolled into tennis balls, and wrapped in colored tissues paper. By 1888, an Adams’ chewing gum called Tutti-Frutti became the very first gum to be sold in a vending machine. The first vending machine was located in a New York City’s subway station.
Until the late 1870s, chewing gum has little or no flavor. A druggist from Kentucky, John Colgan, added sugar to chicle and made chewing gum a sweeter treat. Nevertheless , the flavor did not last with regard to long.
Problem with holding flavor had not been fixed until 1880, when William White combined sugar and corn syrup with chicle. He additional peppermint extract and his first bubble gum with peppermint was Yucatan chewing gum. Peppermint flavor become an instant strike, and even today it is still the most famous choice.
During the same period Dr . Edward E. Beeman adds pepsin powder to chicle and encourages it as a digestive aid.
Within the early 1880s, the brothers, Holly and Frank Fleer, began trying out chicle. Frank Fleer attempted to invent the first bubble gum naming it “Blibber Blubber Bubble Gum. ” This bubble gum was too sticky and never sold well. You can make bubbles with Blibber Blubber Bubble, but chewing was not mainly because enjoyable as it should be.
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In 1899, a dentist Franklin Canning, created a dental gum which name was “Dentyne. ”
In 1891 William Wrigley Jr founded organization “Wrigley Chewing Gum”. His 1st two brands, Lotta and Vassar (later and Juicy Fruit) were a big success. In 1893 Wrigley’s Spearmint was introduced. Later within the 1900’s William Wrigley, Jr. marketed Spearmint with advertising. Wrigley’s Spearmint became a best seller. In 1914 Wrigley Doublemint brand was presented.
In 1928, an employee at the Fleer Corporation Walter Diemer accidentally created perfect formula for bubble chewing gum! His bubble gum was not sticky! Double Bubble was based on first Frank Fleer formula.
The Topps Company came up with the idea of adding baseball cards to the chewing gum in 1950. The first Sugar-free version of gum was introduced in the late 1950’s.
Today most gums are made out of corn syrup, natural latex or plastic, flavorings and softeners. They come in a lot of shapes and colors.